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Milk Thistle

Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Powder ORGANIC, 1 lb Bulk Bag Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Powder ORGANIC, 1 lb Bulk Bag (Silybum marianum)
details
Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Powder ORGANIC, 1 lb Bulk Bag
Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Powder ORGANIC, 1 lb Bulk Bag
Size: 1 lb
Price: $29.00
Botanical Name: Silybum marianum
Other Info: Supports healthy liver function
Product Notes: The seeds have a slightly bitter, oily taste and a faint aroma. Can be made into a tea or tincture, encapsulated, or added to foods.

Origin: USA
Organic: QAI Certified Organic
Kosher: KSA Certified
Common Name: Milk Thistle
Plant Part: Seed
Bar Code: 0-89836-04436-5
1 lb Bulk Bag 29.00 out of
stock
addtocart1

Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Whole ORGANIC, 1 lb. package Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Whole ORGANIC, 1 lb. package (Silybum marianum)
details
Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Whole ORGANIC, 1 lb. package
Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Whole ORGANIC, 1 lb. package
Size: 1 lb
Price: $23.90
Botanical Name: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.
Other Info: Supports healthy liver function
Product Notes: The seeds have a slightly bitter, oily taste and a faint aroma. Can be made into a tea or tincture, encapsulated, or added to foods.

Origin: United States/Bulgaria
Organic: QAI Certified Organic
Kosher: KSA Certified
Supplement Facts
Serving Size 1 tsp (3.2g)
Servings 142
  Amount per% Daily
  ServingValue
Total Carbohydrate  2g<1%*
   Dietary Fiber  1g5%*
Organic Milk Thistle,  3.2g**
whole (seed) 
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
** Daily Value not established.

Common Name: Milk Thistle
Plant Part: Seed
Bar Code: 0-89836-00952-4
1 lb Bulk Bag 23.90 out of
stock
addtocart2

Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Whole, 1 lb. package Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Whole, 1 lb. package (Silybum marianum)
details
Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Whole, 1 lb. package
Frontier Bulk Milk Thistle Seed Whole, 1 lb. package
Size: 1 lb
Price: $15.00
Botanical Name: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.
Other Info: Supports healthy liver function
Product Notes: The seeds have a slightly bitter, oily taste and a faint aroma. Can be made into a tea or tincture, encapsulated, or added to foods.

Origin: United States/Bulgaria
Kosher: KSA Certified
Supplement Facts
Serving Size 1 tsp (3g)
Servings 143
  Amount per% Daily
  ServingValue
Total Carbohydrate  2g<1%*
   Dietary Fiber  <1g4%*
Milk Thistle, whole (seed)  3g**
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
** Daily Value not established.

Common Name: Milk Thistle
Plant Part: Seed
Bar Code: 0-89836-00912-8
1 lb Bulk Bag 15.00 addtocart3

Milk thistle seed is used as a liver tonic, to "support healthy liver function*" and overall well being. The hard, dark-colored seeds are ground and used to make a tea or tincture, encapsulated, or added to foods. The whole seeds are also sometimes added to foods.

* Disclaimer: This statement has not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Botanical name: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. , Silybum marianum

Botanical Family: Asteraceae

Common name: milk thistle

Synonyms: Carduus marianus, Marian thistle, St. Mary's thistle, Our Lady's thistle, fructo de cardo mariano (Spanish)

milk thistleThe Plant: Milk thistle is a stately plant, attractive to look at but painful to touch — a typical spiny thistle, with sharp spines covering much of the plant. Up to four feet tall and three feet wide, it loves sun and does well in dry soils. An annual in areas with cold winters and a biennial in mild-winter climates, milk thistle naturalizes easily and is considered a weed in parts of the United States, Australia, South America, and central Europe. The plant's large, glossy green leaves are marbled with milky white, and the leaf edges have prickly points. The two-inch, pink-to-purple flowers bloom throughout the summer and are surrounded by sharp bracts.

Milk thistle has been cultivated for two thousand years. Used as a vegetable in Europe, all parts of the plant — leaves, stalks, roots, flower buds and seeds — were prepared as a food (after removal of the thorns, of course). Various herbal uses of the seed were described as early as the first century. It was mentioned often in herbals of the Middles Ages, and by the mid-1900s, clinical research on milk thistle was developing. Today, few herbs are as well-studied as milk thistle and its constituents.

Milk thistle seeds (fruits) are harvested in the late summer or fall, when they're fully ripe. The seeds have silky white hairs (pappus) attached; these fall off as the seeds are harvested and dried or during threshing of the seed. When caught by the wind, however, these hairs help spread the seed — which explains how milk thistle can quickly escape cultivation and plant itself wherever the wind blows it.

The sharp, spiny bracts that surround the seed head make it hard to hand-harvest the seeds safely, even with gloves. And commercial harvest, using a combine, is challenging because the seeds don't all ripen at the same time. Overripe pods can drop their seeds onto the ground, or the seeds can go flying off to another field. Under-ripe seeds, on the other hand, are poor quality and low in desired constituents. Breeding programs are working to standardize the ripening time of milk thistle while increasing the natural levels of silymarin. These new varieties will increase yields and improve quality.

Constituents of Note: Silymarin is the well-known component in the seeds, believed to play the major role in the action of milk thistle. (Silymarin is not actually a single compound, but the collective name for a group of related compounds [fllavonolignans] that includes silibinin, silydianin, and silychristin.) It's naturally present in the seeds at 1 to 5%, but standardized extracts and formulations are often concentrated, so they contain 70 to 80% silymarin.

Milk thistle also contains 20 to 50% of a fixed oil composed of about two-thirds linoleic acid.

Quality: Milk thistle seeds are dark brown to grey-brown in color, depending on the variety. There should be no flower or other plant parts present. The seeds have a slightly bitter, oily taste and a faint aroma. There should be no hint of rancidity, either in the flavor or the aroma.

Whole milk thistle seeds maintain their quality and are stable for up to a year when stored in cool, dry conditions and away from light. Like flax and poppy seeds, which also contain a fixed oil, milk thistle seeds quickly become rancid once the seeds are ground. Therefore, the seed is always stored in whole form and ground just before using.

Regulatory Status: Dietary Supplement

Did you know? Early Christian tradition held that a drop of Mary's milk spilt on a milk thistle leaf, causing the white marbling on the leaves — and leading to the common name of milk thistle. One of milk thistle's other names, Marian thistle, as well as the species name, mariannum, are derived from the name Mary. The plant was dedicated to Mary and often appears along with Mary in Medieval art. Other common names for this plant include St. Mary's thistle and Our Lady's thistle.

Directions: Grind milk thistle seed in a coffee grinder or spice mill, and add the ground seeds to shakes or cereals. Or encapsulate the ground seed, if preferred. To prepare milk thistle tea, add one cup of boiling water to one teaspoon of ground seeds, and steep for 15 minutes.

The ground seeds can also be prepared as a tincture using a menstruum of 50% alcohol and 50% water (or 100 proof vodka).

The whole seeds can be toasted and added to salads, breads and cereals.

Suggested Uses: Milk thistle seed has been extensively researched for its protective effects on the liver. While formulations with concentrated levels of silymarin (70 to 80%) are being studied as a treatment for various liver problems (especially in Europe), the whole seed, with its much lower silymarin levels, is used as a liver tonic, to "support healthy liver function*" and overall well being. Chronic drug and alcohol abusers also use milk thistle as a supporting herb.

* Disclaimer: This statement has not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Caution/Safety: The Botanical Safety Handbook* classifies milk thistle seed as:

Class: 1: Herbs which can be safely consumed when used appropriately.

Per the German Commission E Monograph** for milk thistle seed, there are no known contraindications, side effects or drug interactions.

*Michael McGuffin, ed., American Herbal Products Association's Botanical Safety Handbook, (New York: CRC Press, 1997)

**Mark Blumenthal, ed., The Complete German Commission E Monographs, (Austin TX: Integrative Medicine Communications, 1998)

Origins: Milk thistle is grown commercially in Europe, China, the United States, and South America. Our non-organic milk thistle seed is cultivated in the Ukraine. Our organic is grown right here in Iowa.

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